A+ Core 2 (220-1102) Cram Notes

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1. Operating System

1.5 Given a scenario, use Control Panel utilities (the items are organized by “classic view/large icons” in Windows)

1. To change the account lockout threshold to 15 minutes on Windows 7 computer

  • Open the Control Panel (icons view), and click on the Administrative Tools icon.

    • Close the Control Panel window.

    • Double click on Local Security Policy to open it.

  • You can now set and manage the Local Security Policies on your computer to how you want them.


To Open Local Security Policy Editor through Local Group Policy Editor

  • Open the Local Group Policy Editor.

  • Under Computer Configuration and User Configuration, click on and expand Windows Settings to see the Security Settings.

  • You can now set and manage the Local Security Policies on your computer to how you want them. (See screenshot above)


  • Open the Start menu, and type secpol.msc in the search line and press Enter.

  • NOTE: This file is located at C:\Windows\System32\secpol.msc.

2. Event Viewer maintains logs about program, security, and system events. You can use Event Viewer to view and manage the event logs, gather information about hardware and software problems, and monitor Windows 2000 security events.

  • To open Event Viewer, click 'Start', point to 'Settings', and then click 'Control Panel'. Double-click 'Administrative Tools', and then double-click Event Viewer.

3. Event Log Explorer helps you to quickly browse, find and report on problems, security warnings and all other events that are generated within Windows. Monitoring and analysis of events recorded in Security, System, Application and other logs of Microsoft Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 operating systems can be useful in identifying and diagnosing problems.

4. Microsoft Windows XP automatic update feature enables a user to stay current with the latest updates for their computer. You can enable or disable automatic updates by going to "automatic updates" tab of System applet of Control Panel.

5. Microsoft Windows XP comes pre-installed with a software firewall utility although by default this feature is not enabled.

Enabling the Windows XP firewall:

  • Click Start, Settings, Control Panel and open Network Connections.

  • Within the Network Connections window right click the Local Area Connection and select properties.

  • Within the Local Area Connection Properties window click the Advanced tab.

  • Finally, check the Protect my computer and network by limiting or preventing access to this computer from the Internet option.

6. The default spool folder is located at: Systemroot\System32\spool\printers. For example, if the OS is residing on C drive, the default location will be: “C:\\WINNT\System32\spool\printers”.

You can access this location through: Start -> Printers -> File -> Server Properties -> Advanced tab. Type in the new spool location over the default location.

7. You can use Add/ Remove applet in the Control Panel to add or remove a program.

1.6 Setup and configure Windows networking on a client/desktop

1. For accessing the Internet using static IP addressing, you need to configure the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway (if required by the ISP), and DNS server information.

2. IPCONFIG gives the current IP address assigned to the computer.

3. The default subnet masks for various classes of IP address are given below:

  • Class A:

  • Class B:

  • Class C:

4.You can ping the loop back address at A response ensures that the TCP/IP stact is installed properly on your computer.

5. You can use both Ping Localhost and Ping to see whether the TCP/IP stack is installed properly. Ipconfig is used to obtain the TCP/IP configuration information, such as the IP address, subnet mask, default gateway etc. on the local computer.

6. Remote Desktop Connection (RDC, also called Remote Desktop, formerly known as Microsoft Terminal Services Client, or mstsc) is the client application for Remote Desktop Services. It allows a user to remotely log in to a networked computer running the terminal services server. RDC presents the desktop interface (or application GUI) of the remote system, as if it was accessed locally.

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