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 A+ Practical Application (220-802) Cram Notes

   

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1.7 Perform preventive maintenance procedures using appropriate tools

1. To schedule Automatic Updates on Windows XP:

a. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then double-click System.

b. On the Automatic Updates tab, click Automatically download the updates, and install them on the schedule that I specify.

c. Click to select the day and time that you want to download and install updates.

2. In Windows 2000, to configure Automatic Updates, do the following:

a. Click Start, click Control Panel, and then double-click Automatic Updates.

b. Click Automatically download the updates, and install them on the schedule that I specify.

c. Click to select the day and time that you want to download and install updates.

1.8 Explain the differences among basic OS security settings

1. Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Explorer can be used for assigning Share and NTFS permissions on a Windows 2000 computer.

2. On a stand-alone computer or a computer that is a member of a workgroup, a user account establishes the privileges assigned to each user. The three user accounts available are: Administrator, Limited, and Guest. The important features of these accounts are as given below:

3. Administrator account:

  • Can create and delete user accounts on the computer.

  • Can change other users' account names, passwords, and account types.

4. Limited account:

  • Generally cannot install software or hardware, but can access programs that have already been installed on the computer.

  • Can create, change, or delete his or her password.

  • Cannot change his or her account name or account type. A user with a computer administrator account must make these kinds of changes.

  • Can manage his or her network passwords, create a reset password disk, and set up his or her account to use a .NET Passport.

5. Guest account:

  • Cannot install software or hardware, but can access applications that have already been installed on the computer.

  • Cannot change the guest account type.

6. Standard user account

  • lets a person use most of the capabilities of the computer, but permission from an administrator is required if you want to make changes that affect other users or the security of the computer.

  • When you use a standard account, you can use most programs that are installed on the computer, but you can't install or uninstall software and hardware, delete files that are required for the computer to work, or change settings on the computer that affect other users.

  • If you're using a standard account, some programs might require you to provide an administrator password before you can perform certain tasks.

7. Windows Vista Home Basic, Vista Home Premium, and Vista Starter provide only limited support for EFS (Encrypted File System), whereas Vista Business, and Vista Ultimate provide full support for EFS.
Upgrade to Windows Vista Ultimate. You can upgrade to Windows Vista Ultimate from Windows XP Home, XP Professional, XP Media Center, and XP Tablet PC, Windows 2000 Professional can't be upgraded to Windows Vista directly.

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